Dialysis (children)

Dialysis (children)

Medicare Part A (Hospital Insurance)


Medicare Part B (Medical Insurance)

 cover different items and services for children’s dialysis.

If your child is in a hospital:

  • Part A covers dialysis treatments.
  • Part B covers doctors' services.

If your child isn't in a hospital, Part B helps pay for these dialysis services:

Your child is eligible for Medicare if both you and your child meet these conditions:

  • One of these conditions applies to you:
    • You (or your spouse) have earned at least 6 credits within the last 3 years by working and paying Social Security taxes.
    • You (or your spouse) are getting, or are eligible for Social Security or Railroad Retirement Board benefits.
  • One of these conditions applies to your child:
    • Your child needs regular dialysis because his or her kidneys no longer work.
    • Your child has had a kidney transplant.
Your costs in Original Medicare

If your child has other insurance, your costs may be different.


To find out how much your test, item, or service will cost, talk to your doctor or health care provider. The specific amount you’ll owe may depend on several things, like:

  • Other insurance you may have
  • How much your doctor charges
  • Whether your doctor accepts assignment
  • The type of facility
  • Where you get your test, item, or service
Things to know



If your child is eligible for Medicare only because of permanent kidney failure, Medicare coverage will end:

  • 12 months after the last month of dialysis treatments
  • 36 months after the month of a kidney transplant

Medicare coverage can be extended if your child meets certain conditions.


If you have a problem finding a dialysis facility that’s willing to take you as a patient, you have the right to file a complaint (grievance).

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