What does Medicare cost?
Generally, you pay a monthly premium for Medicare coverage and part of the costs each time you get a covered service. There’s no yearly limit on what you pay out-of-pocket, unless you have supplemental coverage, like a Medicare Supplement Insurance ( Medigap ) policy, or you join a Medicare Advantage Plan.
What’s a premium, deductible, coinsurance, or copayment?
Costs for Part A (Hospital Insurance)
|Part A costs:||What you pay in 2023:|
$0 for most people (because they paid Medicare taxes long enough while working - generally at least 10 years). This is sometimes called “premium-free Part A.” Do I qualify?
If you don’t qualify for a premium-free Part A, you might be able to buy it. In 2023, the premium is either $278 or $506 each month ($278 or $505 in 2024), depending on how long you or your spouse worked and paid Medicare taxes.
|Deductible||$1,600 ($1,632 in 2024) for each time you’re admitted to the hospital per benefit period , before Original Medicare starts to pay. There's no limit to the number of benefit periods you can have.|
|Days 1-60: $0 after you pay your Part A deductible|
Days 61-90: $400 ($408 in 2024) each day
Days 91-150: $800 ($816 in 2024) each day while using your 60 lifetime reserve days
After day 150: You pay all costs
Costs for Part B (Medical Insurance)
|Part B costs:||What you pay 2023:|
$164.90 ($174.70 in 2024) each month (or higher depending on your income). The amount can change each year. You’ll pay the premium each month, even if you don’t get any Part B-covered services.
You might pay a penalty if you don’t sign up for Part B when you’re first eligible for Medicare (usually when you turn 65). Check when I should sign up for Part B.
How much is the Part B late enrollment penalty?
Example of the Part B penalty.
|Deductible||You’ll pay $226 ($240 in 2024), before Original Medicare starts to pay. You pay this deductible once each year.|
|Costs for services (coinsurance)||You’ll usually pay 20% of the cost for each Medicare-covered service or item after you’ve paid your deductible.|
Costs for plans & supplemental coverage
Drug coverage (Part D):
Part D costs:
What you pay:
Monthly premiums vary based on which plan you join. The amount can change each year. You may also have to pay an extra amount each month based on your income.
Who pays an extra amount because of income?
You might pay a penalty if you:
How much is the Part D penalty?
Example of the Part D penalty.
When you get prescription drugs
Most plans charge a deductible, an amount you pay before the plan starts to pay, for prescriptions you fill. The deductible amount varies based on which plan you join.
Your actual costs vary depending on the medicines you take, if they are on your plan’s list of covered drugs, and which pharmacy you use.
Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C):
- Monthly premiums vary based on which plan you join. The amount can change each year.
- You must keep paying your Part B premium to stay in your plan.
- Deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments vary based on which plan you join.
- Plans also have a yearly limit on what you pay out-of-pocket. Once you pay the plan’s limit, the plan pays 100% for covered health services for the rest of the year.
Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap):
- Monthly premiums vary based on which policy you buy, where you live, and other factors. The amount can change each year.
- You must keep paying your Part B premium to keep your supplement insurance.
- Helps lower your share of costs for Part A and Part B services in Original Medicare.
- Some Medigap policies include extra benefits to lower your costs, like coverage when you travel out of the country.