If you don't sign up for Part B when you're first eligible, you may have to pay a late enrollment penalty.
How much does Part B cost?
Part B premiums
You pay a premium each month for Part B. If you get Social Security, Railroad Retirement Board, or Office of Personnel Management benefits, your Part B premium will be automatically deducted from your benefit payment. If you don’t get these benefit payments, you’ll get a bill.
Most people will pay the standard premium amount. However, if your modified adjusted gross income as reported on your IRS tax return from 2 years ago is above a certain amount, you may pay an Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (IRMAA). IRMAA is an extra charge added to your premium.
The standard Part B premium amount is $121.80 (or higher depending on your income). However, most people who get Social Security benefits will continue to pay the same Part B premium amount as they paid in 2015. This is because there wasn't a cost-of-living increase for 2016 Social Security benefits. You'll pay a different premium amount if:
- You enroll in Part B for the first time in 2016.
- You don't get Social Security benefits.
- You're directly billed for your Part B premiums.
- You have Medicare and Medicaid, and Medicaid pays your premiums. (Your state will pay the standard premium amount of $121.80.)
- Your modified adjusted gross income as reported on your IRS tax return from 2 years ago is above a certain amount.
If you're in 1 of these 5 groups, here's what you'll pay:
|If your yearly income in 2014 (for what you pay in 2016) was||You pay (in 2016)|
|File individual tax return||File joint tax return||File married & separate tax return|
|$85,000 or less||$170,000 or less||$85,000 or less||$121.80|
|above $85,000 up to $107,000||above $170,000 up to $214,000||Not applicable||$170.50|
|above $107,000 up to $160,000||above $214,000 up to $320,000||Not applicable||$243.60|
|above $160,000 up to $214,000||above $320,000 up to $428,000||above $85,000 and up to $129,000||$316.70|
|above $214,000||above $428,000||above $129,000||$389.80|
Part B deductible & coinsurance
You pay $166 per year for your Part B deductible. After your deductible is met, you typically pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for most doctor services (including most doctor services while you're a hospital inpatient), outpatient therapy, and durable medical equipment.
In 2016, there may be limits on physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology services. If so, there may be exceptions to these limits.