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Children & End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

How to tell if your child is eligible

One of these conditions must apply to you:

  • You (or your spouse) have earned at least 6 credits within the last 3 years by working and paying Social Security taxes.
  • You (or your spouse) are getting, or are eligible for, Social Security or Railroad Retirement Board benefits.


One of these conditions must apply to your child:

  • Your child needs regular dialysis because his or her kidneys no longer work.
  • Your child has had a kidney transplant.

To enroll your child in Medicare, or to get more information about eligibility, contact Social Security. If you visit your local Social Security office, you might be asked to bring these documents:


A child is defined as an unmarried person younger than 22 (or a person who is between the ages of 22-26, and who meets other requirements). Also, he or she must be your biological child, legally adopted child, stepchild (for at least 1 year), or a grandchild or step-grandchild (in some cases).